Chinese  |  ICCAS  |  CAS
 Home  People Research Publications Openings Gallery Contacts Links Progress of scientific research
Location :Home > caoanmin > Progress of scientific research
Exceptional high-temperature stability through distillation-like self-stabilization in bimetallic nanoparticles
time:2013-07-18 Browse:

   Metal nanoparticles with precisely controlled size and composition are highly attractive for heterogeneous catalysis. However, their poor thermal stability remains a major hurdle on the way towards application at realistic technical conditions. Recent progress in this area has focused on nanostructured oxides to stabilize embedded metal nanoparticles. Here, we report an alternative approach that relies on synthesizing bimetallic nanoparticles with precise compositional control to obtain improved high-temperature stability. We find that PtRh nanoparticles with sufficiently high Rh content survive extended calcination at temperatures up to 850 ◦ C without significant sintering. For lower Rh content, sacrificial self-stabilization of individual nanoparticles through a distillation-like process is observed: the low-melting-point metal (Pt) bleeds out and the increasing concentration of the high-melting-point metal (Rh) leads to re-stabilization of the remaining nanoparticle. This principle of thermal self-stabilization should be broadly applicable to the development of multi-metallic nanomaterials for a broad range of high-temperature applications.

中国科学院   Copyright © Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Molecular Nanostructure and Nanotechnology
2 North First Street, Zhongguancun, Beijing, PR China 100190